Addiction Services

Addiction Services

The Salvation Army offers support to people who suffer from substance use disorders (SUDs) and who are unable to cope with their problems and provide for themselves. Our centres seek to provide an environment that allows those suffering from substance abuse disorders both the space and time to regain their health.

We offer a range of services, which include withdrawal management; residential; day treatment and outpatient recovery programs. Our programs are designed to meet the often complex, multi-faceted needs of those who suffer from a range of substance use disorders and mental health challenges.

Program counsellors and staff work with clients in a comprehensive way, which addresses physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs. Through individual and group counselling, clients create a personal treatment plan, learn life skills, behavioural skills, set employment/educational goals, and develop healthy daily routines. Counsellors assist in preparing clients to return to society, so they can resume a normal life with their families, friends and acquaintances. Spiritual and religious care is also provided.

an older man reaching over a table and grabbing a younger man's arm
A woman named Randi holding her certificate of graduation

Treatment/recovery model
Salvation Army recovery programs are located across the country. The Community Reinforcement Approach is our preferred treatment/recovery model, which is supplemented with other evidenced-based approaches. This approach has two goals;

1) to assist the client in the discovery and elimination of positive reinforcement for harmful drug use, and
2) to assist the client in the enhancement of positive reinforcement for sobriety.


The Salvation Army provides 19 Addiction Services Programs in Canada and Bermuda. The programs serve men, women and youth.
There are six main types of addiction services offered. They include:

a) 1 Youth Program – located in Yellowknife.

b) 4 Out-Patient Treatment / Recovery Programs ― located in Chilliwack, Williams Lake, Hamilton and Toronto. Clients are often employed and live in the community. They attend weekly counselling for an hour with a counsellor one-on-one and some group therapy. They are there to get help to stop using.

c) 4 Withdrawal Management Programs ― located in Yellowknife, Vancouver, London and Hamilton to help people withdraw from alcohol or substance use. Here, they receive basic counselling. Once they reach their goals that were agreed upon in assessment, they are discharged to home and back to work.

d) 8 Treatment / Recovery Programs ― located in Chilliwack, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Windsor, Hamilton and Toronto. This program is run five days a week for six to eight hours per day, where day clients receive one-on-one counselling and group therapy. They do not sleep in the facility, but rather return to their own homes each night. Here, they learn to deal with the life issues that are causing them to use and they find healthier ways to deal with life and making choices.

e) 8 Transitional Housing Programs ― located in Yellowknife, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Glencairn, Kingston, Toronto, Ottawa and Bermuda. Clients who have completed a residential substance abuse program move onto a transitional housing program. Here, they will often be attending school or be employed and will continue to receive counselling to help them reintegrate back into the community.

f) 11 After Care Programs ― located in Chilliwack, Victoria, Calgary, Winnipeg, Windsor, Glencairn and Toronto. The program is for clients who have completed a substance abuse program, but still want a support system where they meet in evenings once a week in a group setting to discuss the issues they face since completing a program.

g) 15 Residential Treatment / Recovery Programs ― facilities located in Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Hamilton, Toronto, Glencairn, Kingston, Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax and Bermuda. Clients receive accommodation and meals. A client’s treatment is based on their individual needs. The average stay is between three-six months. During this time they attend classes, participate in one-on-one counselling and  receive medical, physical and spiritual care.

A man wearing a blue shirt looking out out from a pier

“The Salvation Army’s addiction treatment program literally allowed me to catch my breath and focus on a future without addiction,” says Michel. “I have been clean and sober for two years and am going to school to become an addictions counsellor. I like my life.”